The first trace of the existence of this building dates back to the Roman times. It is believed during that period, in the area around the current Capriva del Friuli, a watchtower and a furnace were built. Later, a villa, as evidenced by the discovery of some ornamental objects. Instead, the construction of the current manor seems to date back to the thirteenth century, by the will of the Ungrispach family. The medieval era of Spessa was distinguished by the alternating events that involved the Patriarchate of Aquileia and the Counts of Gorizia for the control of the territory. Until 1420, when the area came under the control of Venice and from 1528, the Habsburgs. The seventeenth century was an unstable century, as the area was a constant theatre of wars and disputes. While the eighteenth century saw the resurgence of social, cultural and economic activities thanks mainly to the impetus desired by Charles VI of Habsburg from 1719.
GIACOMO CASANOVA AT THE CASTLE OF SPESSA
During this new “Golden Age”, the castle saw within its walls the presence of some notable characters including Giacomo Casanova. The Venetian Knight, in 1772 was in Trieste waiting for the Inquisitors to grant him permission to return to Venice. So during a theatrical performance he met the Gorizia count Luigi Torriano who invited him to spend the autumn of 1773 in his country house, the castle of Spessa. Once there, not to deny his fame as a great amateur, Casanova met Sgualda, a widow in the service of the count who soon became his mistress and their meetings took place at night, in secret. Then, one day, the Torriano, also in love with the widow without being paid, surprised her at the end of the umpteenth night of passion and began to beat her. Casanova, hearing the screams, ran to the aid of the woman managing to free her from the clutches of the Count, with whom he fought and managed to prevail. After this episode Giacomo was forced to leave the manor of Spessa, which from the nineteenth century saw the succession of different noble families and as many restorations. The last of which has transformed it into an elegant Wine and Resort surrounded by a magnificent garden surrounded by the vineyards of the estate. There are memories of Giacomo Casanova at the entrance with his statue while in the park there is a literary walk where there are phrases and episodes of life at the castle written by the Knight.